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Environment Monitoring of fires and deforestation gains technological reinforcement in AM

Victória Sales – Cenarium Magazine

MANAUS – The State of Amazonas received a reinforcement, this Monday, 22, of the fiscalization and monitoring work of deforestation and illegal fires, which should speed up the licensing process and environmental inspections, fruit of the inauguration, by the governor of the State, Wilson Lima (PSC), of the Environmental Monitoring and Protected Areas Center (CMAAP) of the Environmental Protection Institute of Amazonas (Ipaam).

The site has satellite image equipment of medium and high resolutions, along with software from the Institute’s technological park. CMAAP will include geographic information through a customized system with special data from Amazonas.

According to Wilson, this is an unprecedented achievement in the state. “Every time a hot spot is identified, we have a team near the metropolitan region and the south of Amazonas, which are the areas of greatest interest in this case. So, every time, when there is a fire alert, a team of us that is in the vicinity goes, lifts the drone and has direct access here with the Center and thus has access to these images”, he explained.

The director-president of Ipaam, Juliano Valente, highlighted that the tool will bring more agility to the environmental licensing and inspection processes. “With this, the institute will cooperate with the heating of the local economy, because as more projects are licensed, jobs are generated and there is an increase in income distribution”, he said.

Structure

The CMAAP will have several sectors of the institute, an auditorium, three meeting rooms, a monitoring system with ten visual information panels, which will make available, on a daily basis, the focus of fires and deforestation in all the municipalities of the state. In addition, 140 Ipaam employees will work directly in the center, from the Geoprocessing (GGEO), Agricultural Control (GCAP), Environmental Monitoring (GEFA), Computerized Systems Control (CSI) and Information Technology (GTI) departments.

For the responsible for the Geoprocessing Management José Luiz Nascimento, who was ahead of the coordination of the CMAAP project, the technological innovation will allow the identification and measurement of the areas directly affected by environmental crimes. “The crossing of data through a geographic information system will reveal the name and other elements about the offender, as well as the geographic location where the illegal act occurred. Based on this, it will be possible to fine those responsible and take the appropriate administrative measures”, he emphasized.

Updates

Through the Center, Ipaam extends the monitoring of this data in real time, with continuous observation of the vegetation cover in areas of greater degradation, in addition to properties that are in the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) and licensed enterprises in Federal Conservation Units (UCF) and Indigenous Lands. The Center also has a monitoring and change detection system, with mapping throughout the 12 months of the year, which will allow alerts and indicators to support Ipaam’s inspections and fines.

Decree

Governor Wilson Lima also signed a decree for the regulation of the State Policy for Environmental Services (Law 4.266/2015). With this, the state now has a specific regulation for the monetization of carbon stock and other environmental services, with financial benefits to traditional populations. The State will be qualifying institutions to trade carbon credits in order to, in the future, raise funds from interested companies.

Public Contest

During the event, the governor also announced progression of positions and salaries for the servers and the creation of the organizing commission for the public contest of the Environmental Protection Institute of Amazonas (Ipaam), but highlighted that more information will be offered in the coming months.

Vehicles

Two Mitsubishi vehicles, model L200, were delivered by Wilson Lima to support the management, monitoring and inspection of the State Conservation Units, managed by the State Secretary of Environment (Sema). The cars were purchased with resources from the Amazon Region Protected Areas Program (Arpa), with a total investment of R$273,980.

COP26

The commitments made to meet the voluntary target of neutralizing emissions by 2030 are:

● Raise the deforestation reduction target to 7.5% per year, under the State Plan for Prevention and Combat of Deforestation and Burning in Amazonas (PPCDQ-AM).
● Also reduce emissions from forest fires resulting from deforestation by 30%.
Implement 450 thousand hectares of intensive Crop-Livestock Forest Integration (ILPF) systems, in pasture areas, in the order of 50 thousand hectares per year.
● Expand the environmental regularization goal of the PPCDQ-AM, beyond the priority municipalities, including all municipalities in Amazonas, promoting a 50% increase in the conservation of regenerating forests in the State.
● Reduce by 30% emissions from forest fires that result from deforestation.
● Fostering Sustainable Forest Management (SFM), expanding the area of managed native forest by 1 million hectares.